Emd-Interline-Agreements with Marketing Carrier The validating transport carrier must have EMD-Interline agreements with each part of the marketing carrier application. EMD-Interline Agreement with The forwarder-exporter The valid carrier must have an interconnection contract with each online carrier, which is part of the code-sharing application. INTERLIGNE EMD agreements with ETKT validating support (EMD-A only) If the EMD to be produced is an EMD-A, and the validation carrier of the EMD is different from the associated ETKT validation carrier, the EMD validation promoter must have INTERline EMD agreements with the ETKT validation promoter: – The ETKT validation support is identified from the attached number in TSM-P – there are no interline tests when the TSM-P is delivered in the form paper document if a codeshare agreement is like meetings, then a joint venture is like getting married. A joint venture agreement is a massive business decision that usually requires full government approval. When airlines create a joint venture, they coordinate prices and schedules and have an agreement on revenue sharing. As a general rule, even U.S. airlines that do not have a partnership with each other have an interconnection agreement. A few years ago Delta decided to disable an interline agreement with American, I think because they found that American more passengers on them during irregular operations than vice versa. Yasser EL Ramly, Egypt Air VP commercial, Egypt Air has noticed that its customers will notice with the EMD interline “the absolute difference – improving efficiency and more convenient service are key and tangible benefits, while the EMD will also save time.” This is a very fundamental level of cooperation, there are airlines that have interline agreements that are not partners otherwise. ExpertFlyer shows airlines that have interline agreements, here are the airlines with which American has an interline agreement: INTERLINE EMD treatment between Finnair and Egypt Air means that airline customers can now purchase secondary services via Interline flights, knowing that the exporting airline will know that the service has been purchased. Amadeus estimates that up to 20% of flight bookings made through its system are the result of Interline partnerships, which represents a great opportunity for airlines to increase their revenues by selling ancillary services through their partner airlines.