The USMCA Annex 23-A requires Mexico to pass laws that improve the collective bargaining capacity of unions.  The specific standards that Mexico must meet are contained in International Labour Organization Convention 98 on Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining. The government of Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador introduced a law in late 2018 to meet these international standards. Both sides are finalizing the legal revision of the text of the modernized agreement. After translation into all EU languages, it will be forwarded to the EU Member States and the European Parliament for signature and closure. Proclamation 7747 of 30 In addition to the existing NAFTA, merged with elements of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the new USMCA, which has just been adopted by the U.S. Congress, also contains elements of the “Beyond the Border” agreement signed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and former President Barack Obama, including the “Single Window” initiative and the transition of the “Regulatory Cooperation Council” to Chapter 28 “Good Regulatory Governance” of the new agreement.  The agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which entered into force on January 1, 1994. .