A2.05 No staff member is required or authorized to enter into an oral or written agreement contrary to this agreement with the employer. You can ask Geick (but he won`t answer, I tried) how much actually vote on this contract, I guess about 5% of the members can vote during the small window of time, given the lack of information and the requirement to be in the city. Why not send a ballot to each member and send it back? Personally, I would rather get out of the union and keep my 2k in annual fees than let these guys “collectively negotiate” on my behalf. Each contract over the past 20 years has pushed members backwards economically. I am not in favour of this proposed treaty. A8.06 On written request and with reasonable notice, the employer provides the union with general non-confidential information about employees of the collective bargaining unit, as requested by the Collective Bargaining Institute or as an aid to the management of this agreement. The employer is not required to provide personal and confidential information about individual employees. c) Unless PIPSC agrees otherwise, the employer retains the schedule at HW.01 A for a period of at least one year from the effective date. Subsequently, the employer may indicate in writing to PIPSC ninety (90) days that it intends to revise the schedule mentioned in HW.01 A).
During these 90 (90) days` notice, the employer will consult with the PIPSC regarding the employer`s desire to review the working time schedule. If, after consultation, the parties are unable to agree on changes to the working time regime, this dispute is the subject of the interest rate-setting procedure. The agreement, which expires on December 31, 2021, applies to approximately 4,100 workers represented by the YEU and the Public Service Alliance of Canada. H1.06 In the event of a strike or lockout by workers in the bargaining unit, in the event of a strike or lockout, the employer and workers in the collective agreement unit must continue, in the event of a strike or lockout, the provision of services and the operation of the establishment to the extent necessary to prevent an immediate and serious danger to the safety or health of the public. The employer and the Institute agree that every effort is being made to reach an agreement on compliance with item 87.4 (1) before collective bargaining begins. While this should not interfere with the issuance of notices under section 48 of the Code, the parties intend to enter into an essential service agreement or to inform the Canada Industrial Relations Board of the inability of the parties to reach an agreement before negotiations begin. B14.01 The Yukon Hospital Pension Plan is part of this collective agreement. The right to participate in the pension plan is particularly limited or qualified for certain categories of workers.
(f) “local representative”: a worker elected or appointed as a director or chosen by the Institute to represent workers in collective bargaining, joint consultation, committees and meetings with the employer; (a) if the employer and the institute do not agree on the appropriate measures to bring about technological change, the employer will inform the institute of its decision. B12.05 A applicant for maternity or parental allowance signs an agreement with the employer, which provides that: A12.08 The deadlines set out in this article may be extended by mutual agreement between the parties. It provides an annual salary increase (5.25 percent, total, over the duration of the agreement, or $16.5 million) and higher work and weekend bonuses.
Registering a partnership will also encourage them to obtain pan, apply for a bank loan, open a bank account on behalf of the partnership company, obtain GST registration or IE code or FSSAI license on behalf of the partnership company and much more. The partnership agreement is an agreement between the partners of a company that outlines the terms of the partnership between the partners. A partnership company is one of the most popular types of organizations for creating a new business. The proper functioning and functioning of a partnership business requires a clear understanding of the partners` different strategies that govern their partnership. The act of partnership serves this purpose. It defines the various concepts such as profit/loss participation, salary, capital interest, subscriptions, admission of a new partner, etc., in order to clarify things to the partners. Legally, only one person over the age of 18 can enter into contracts and partnership contracts. In some special cases and with the agreement of all partners, a minor may be admitted as a partner whose liability is zero. The miner can only share the winnings. Once the majority is reached, it can be treated on an equal footing with other important partners if it decides to continue working as a partner. If one of the partners is only involved on a part-time basis or when a partner is interested in another company, an appropriate wording should be added to make it clear that the particular circumstances are acceptable to the partnership. a) PARTENARIAT WITH WILL This type of partnership depends on the willingness of the parties to end the partnership with a simple dismissal.
CONSIDERING that the contracting parties are carrying out their activities… in the partner ship in the company name of M/s. XYZ – CO at the conclusion of the partnership contract … concluded by and between the parties. since the … Day of … AND the accounts of the partnership transaction were closed until the time of dissolution, and the total value of the assets was considered to be… including bank assets and unpaid debts and excluding the company`s debts and liabilities. In the following circumstances, a partnership agreement is probably necessary: in paragraph 8.3, there is a list of facts requiring the agreement of all partners. This list depends on the nature of the transaction, but it is customary for all important decisions, including the admission of a new partner or any capital increase, to require the agreement of all. That these partners are not held responsible for criminal acts committed by other partners or authorized employees or representatives of the company under the Income Tax Act, the Customs Act, the Foreign Exchange Act, the turnover tax or other laws, laws, regulations or central or state regulations and are not held responsible. Let the parts of the ….
is not liable for criminal acts relating to the activities or activities of the partnership company, nor the actions of other partners, their employees or representatives, for and on behalf, neither for the company nor for the purposes of the partnership company. These partners are not responsible for civil or criminal responsibilities against the partnership company or other partners. Similarly, if a partnership file provides that its heirs or one or more of them are admitted as a partner or partner in place of the partner who died after the death of a partner, even in such a case after the death of a partner, his heirs or one of them do not automatically become partners at that death. But a new partnership agreement must be concluded between the existing partners and the heirs or heirs of the deceased, and if the heir is a minor, the new partnership is deferred until the minor reaches the majority or if the surviving partners are more than one, the minor can only be admitted to the benefits of the partnership.
The agreement also delays the introduction of a 15% tariff on Chinese imports worth $156 billion, mainly consumer goods such as toys, clothing and electronics, which were due to come into force on Sunday. This trade war, followed zealously by Donald Trump, has undeniably its imprint, but few expect this conflict to go away with him, or even on the basis of any first-phase agreement. All these obstacles and complications lead to political failure. Regardless of who is president, the United States must get China to liberalize its tariffs, reduce non-tariff barriers, and streamline its subsidies and other practices that distort economic incentives. In response to Trump`s trade war, China imposed additional tariffs on more than 50 percent of U.S. exports in 2018 and 2019. It is mysterious that the legal text of the first phase of the agreement did not remove, reduce or even mention the word “tariffs,” and it did little to address the major trade problems that the United States has with China. Instead, the Trump administration has provided an excellent case study on why simple purchase commitments can`t go around. But the deal has a lot of criticism on both sides that Mr. Trump`s tactics have been economically damaging and that the deal leaves many important economic issues unresolved. And there is always that risk, as China`s Hard Communist Party points out in the Global Times: “Can a provisional trade agreement reached at a time when china-U.S. strategic relations are in sharp decline really work? Will it replace it with new conflicts or new progress as negotiations continue? The United States and China must resume negotiations on important policies that are not affected by the first phase agreement.
Trump`s trade war has failed to address what really concerns U.S.-China trade relations. It is time for a new approach. Washington and Beijing had initially agreed in October to implement a “Phase One” agreement that would allow China to buy between $40 billion and $50 billion worth of U.S. agricultural products, Trump said at the time. The agreement also included commitments from China regarding its currency, intellectual property and access to Chinese markets, Trump noted. Donald Trump said last week that he and Chinese President Xi Jinping would have a signing ceremony for the agreement. Economists expect the United States to reduce tariffs on Chinese products in exchange for better access to the Chinese market for U.S. agricultural products. This raises the question of what will happen in the medium term if the trade conflict between China and the United States intensifies to the point where both countries begin to expect countries to prioritize trade in one or the other in order to continue to do business with their elected superpower. This will disappoint both Huawei and the Chinese government, furious at Washington`s relationship with U.S.-China relations. The limited agreement provides for a pause in the trade war between the countries, with a withdrawal of some taxes and China saying it is ready to increase some U.S. imports, especially in the agricultural sector.
The agreement also leaves open the question of how both sides will interpret these key aspects of the agreement. There are already signs of difference. Chinese media have suggested that the dispute settlement mechanism is not dictated by the United States, in agreement with the Embassies in Washington. From the beginning, an additional $200 billion in sales to China were a worrying goal. Nearly 30% of U.S. merchandise exports to China are not even covered by the Phase One agreement. And for those who covered the agreement, a review of 15 product groups shows that their sales to China were influenced by various factors, including plane crashes, outbreaks, export controls, legal decisions of
In addition to trade in goods, the new agreements often address other aspects, including the protection of intellectual property rights, trade in services, investment, public procurement and technical regulations. These are so-called “second generation agreements.” The signatories to a free trade agreement form a free trade area (for example. B Switzerland-EU). It is not a customs union, that is, the signatories of the agreement retain their own external tariffs. On the other hand, in the case of a customs union, there are only common external customs duties. Once the goods have crossed this line and reached the market, they can move freely between the different countries without any other tariffs. Examples of customs union: European Union or Swiss-Liechtenstein. Content of agreements The essential element of each agreement is trade in goods (including tariff reductions and other trade restrictions). They regulate trade in industrial products (SH chapters 25-97), fish and processed agricultural products. Trade in unprocessed agricultural products is generally governed by separate bilateral agricultural agreements. Together, these agreements mean that about half of all goods entering the United States enter duty-free, according to the government.
The average import duty for industrial products is 2%. The “factory starting price” is the price of goods, including the value of all primary materials used, paid to the manufacturer in whose final processing was carried out. Not all internal taxes that are refunded after the delivery of the goods (for example, are not included in the “operating price”. B VAT) as well as all costs incurred when the goods left the factory, for example. B for transportation and insurance. The objective of preferential origin is to make goods duty-free when exporting to a free trade agreement or to subject them to a reduced duty. This document is accompanied by a certificate of movement of goods or a declaration of country of origin on invoice. Compliance with non-preferential country of origin rules does not exempt goods from customs when imported into a third country – these country of origin rules only apply if the destination country requires a country of origin certificate for importation. This should not be confused with the issue of Swissness (“Made in Switzerland”), which is subject to another set of rules. This view became popular for the first time in 1817 by the economist David Ricardo in his book On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. He argued that free trade broadens diversity and reduces the prices of goods available in a nation, while making a better part of its own resources, knowledge and specialized skills. Free trade is an opportunity to open up another part of the world to local producers.
Implementation in the SME sector is often not given sufficient attention to free trade agreements and the origin statements of exporting firms. To determine the country of origin, it is necessary to coordinate the management of the company, the export department, procurement, quality assurance, logistics and finance. For example, if the purchasing service changes supplier due to lower prices (old countries of origin, Switzerland, new countries of origin, China and the third country), the export department must also be informed, as this could change the country of origin. Changes in prices and production or fluctuations in exchange rates may also affect the valuation of the country of origin.
In the negotiations, a framework agreement is an agreement between two parties, which acknowledges that the parties have not reached a final agreement on all issues that are relevant to the relations between them, but that they have agreed on enough issues to move relations forward, agreeing further details in the future. For offices, a framework agreement is required in accordance with the DemABl. And the choice on the “economically most advantageous” basis is awarded to a single supplier. The Authority uses its office requirements for the duration of the framework, based on the conditions agreed upon when the framework was put in place. However, a framework agreement is not a contract itself, but only an agreement on the conditions that would apply to any order placed during its lifetime. In this case, a contract is only entered into if the order is placed and each order is a separate contract. Although this type of agreement is not technically a `contract`, you must always comply with EU procurement rules. A framework agreement is needed to cover the paper needs of a number of authorities in a four-year area. Following the opinion of the Official Journal of the European Union and the selection procedure based on financial and economic capacity and technical capacity, the offers will be evaluated on the “economically most advantageous” basis to enter the framework.
A number of suppliers are involved in the framework to provide a variety of types of paper – simple, fed, recycled, colorful, etc. – over a four-year period. The Authority addresses the supplier in the framework whose offer is “economically the most advantageous” on the basis of the initial allocation criteria for each call required during the four years. Since the conditions do not need to be refined or supplemented in this case, the Authority does not need to use the mini-competition option. A framework is required for the construction of standard construction units or office space on different sites over a four-year period. The Official Journal of the European Union and the selection procedure, based on financial and economic capacity and technical capacity, provide a framework for a number of major contractors on the basis of “the most economically advantageous offer”. Each of the major contractors has the capacity and supply chains to carry out the various aspects of the construction work during the period. With each call, we decide whether a mini-competition is necessary depending on the fine-tuning of the conditions. When a mini-competition is required, offers are solicited by all contractors who are able to meet specific needs. Cancellations under the framework, which can be attributed at any time until the end of the agreement itself, may continue beyond the period of the agreement until the work is completed.
Also note that a framework includes the provision of a generic group of goods, works or services (or a combination), for example.B.: the conclusion of a framework agreement can transfer the legislative power of states to a plenum and defer the basis for the approval of new standards and standards obtained through their negotiations.  The practice of concluding framework agreements was born in the 1950s with an asylum agreement between Colombia and Peru.  A framework at the British level is assigned to several contractors, in accordance with the Official Journal of the European Union, to the selection and allocation on the “economically most advantageous” basis.
The risk/reward parties: IPD contracts have a common risk/return component based on the financial result of the project. Signatories and other risk/return partners agree to jeopardize their profits in exchange for a guarantee of their costs and common savings if the project goes well. These companies agree to be reimbursed on the basis of transparent costs, plus overhead and profits. Integrated project deployment teams are contractually bound differently from conventional design/bid/build, cm-at-risk and design/construction agreements. The typical IPD agreement includes the primary construction company, the principal builder and the owner in a single contract for a single dollar value. The contract defines the responsibilities of the designer, contractor and owner, but also indicates that the success of the project delivery is the responsibility of all three. Integrated Project Implementation (IPR) is a solution for construction projects that requires all stakeholders (people, systems, structures and business practices) at all stages of design, manufacturing and construction.  The DPI brings together ideas from integrated practices and Lean Construction. The objectives of the DPI are to increase productivity, reduce waste (waste called resources for activities that do not add value to the final product), avoid time overruns, improve the quality of the final product and reduce conflicts between owners, architects and contractors during the construction period.  The DPI focuses on the use of technology to facilitate communication between parties to a construction process. This article is the second in a series of 3 sections devoted to the integrated implementation of the project. The first contribution focuses on IPR agreements (contracts), this contribution focuses on the IPD as a lean operating system, and the latest contribution focuses on culture. Given the recent hype surrounding the success of the IPD and many large owners who want to pilot their first IPR projects, what exactly is the integrated presentation of the project? In this series, Integrated Project Delivery is studied as a contract, a lean operating system and a culture of transformation.
Integrated projected delivery can be extremely powerful if the right deal is made. The key to harnessing the potential of an Integrated Deployment (IPR) company lies in the use of the consensus agreement. This collaboration software optimizes the flow of documentation, communication and workflow to ensure that everyone works from a “version of the truth.” The collaboration software allows users in different locations to keep all communications, documents and drawings, forms and data, among other types of electronic files, in one place. Version control is assured and users can view and mark files online without the need for native software. Technology also builds project confidence and reduces risk through integrated audit trails. Signatory: The contract is still signed by the owner, Lead Designer and Lead Builder. Some owners choose to have more than 3 signatories to the agreement, which attracts other design and trade partners as key signatories. If the other parties are not signatories, they are usually awarded under one of the main signatories and the language is inserted into the sub-contract to bind them under the IPD master`s agreement.
A subsequent blog post will examine the pros and cons of tripartite counter-poly agreements (more than 3 signatories). One of the main criticisms of the DPI is the lack of mention or effort to integrate project safety and staff well-being into the methodology.
Competing nail producers complained to the Commission that Hilti was engaged in abusive conduct that severely restricted its penetration into the Hilti compatible nail market. These practices included attaching the sale of nails to the sale of cartridge tapes, refusing to provide third-party nails in their Hilti guns, refusing to provide cartridge strips to customers they could resell, and “frustration or delay of legally available licenses for rights available under Hiltis` patents.” 83 Having concluded that British Sugar held a dominant position in the “white granulated sugar market for both retail and commercial sales in the United Kingdom,” the Commission found that “the reservation of the separate sugar delivery activity that could be carried out under normal circumstances by a single single contractor” 79 of abuse. The commitment would have “de-medized” the customer between the purchase of sugar from the plant and the delivery price “extends all competition with regard to the delivery of products”. 80 Since 1990, several authors have developed models to relax the conditions under which the link can be anti-competitive. Nalebuff, for example, has developed a model in which a company manufacturing goods A and B has a “credible” incentive to consolidate them to prevent entry.136 Unlike the Whinston model, the commitment complicates market entry, not because the monopoly is required to be the subject of a price war, but because it deprives the operator of an appropriate dimension. Credibility is not a problem here, because even if market entry is not compartmentalized, the price of the good B and the profits of the monopoly are higher than without. Intuition is as follows. As in Carbajo, De Meza and Seidman,137 in the Nalebuff model, are becoming a way for competing companies to differentiate their products and thus ease competition through prices. The monopolist sells both A and B related, while the trader only sells product B.
Monopoly attracts customers with a high rating for A and B and charges them a high price, while the operator sells good B to consumers who have a low rating for good A and charge them a low price. b) Reducing engagement transaction costs reduces the cost of finding the most appropriate combinations of products that meet complex needs. And it makes it much easier to use. In the past, software technologies such as toolbars, modem support, energy management and sound were formally offered as stand-alone products. Today, they are universally proposed as an integrated, “bundled” part of the operating system. The widespread use of bundled software is itself a function of better technology – faster speed and extended memory. But perhaps most importantly, it is a response to consumers who appreciate the ease of use of bundled software.121 This is not the only example of transaction cost reduction by binding or binding. While many consumers have gained considerable experience in choosing and purchasing shares and other financial products online in recent years, most individual consumers still opt for a financial services “package” consisting of equity choices, purchases and advice.122 1.
FIRST SCREEN: IS AN ANTI-COMPETITIVE EFFECT POSSIBLE? The first screen is whether it is possible that the practice of coupling in question could have anti-competitive effects.144 The models described in Section V.B, a series of conditions necessary to link anti-competitive effects. However, a link that meets these conditions does not necessarily have anti-competitive effects. Other conditions need to be reviewed – these additional tests are part of the second screen.145 commitment agreements are subject to unfair competition law.
If the Authority maintains the risks and direct management of the expropriation process (for example. B road projects in Mexico or Nigeria), it is common and good practice is to tender only if a significant part of the land is already acquired and available, since the probability of delay in the acquisition plan is considerable, regardless of the direct assumption of costs (and therefore the risk of cost) by the Authority. There is therefore a risk of delays throughout the construction period. Whether the risk of land delay is clearly defined in the treaties as a discharge or even compensation event will pose conflicts and problems in such situations. These can be avoided if the acquisition program has advanced significantly when the contract is signed (or even tendered). Even when these more productive methods are put on the market, land availability remains limited to what can be produced. Proposals have been made for the transfer of biomass or biomass fuels from the most productive regions to more industrialized countries. However, in most cases, this is not the case. In such cases, land must be acquired. This is particularly complex in linear infrastructure, such as roads and railways, where there may be multiple owners.
The land or site of the asset may already be available, or it is in the hands of the Authority and can be used. In 2017, UNCCD released the first edition of the Global Land Outlook (GLO). The GLO provides a brief overview of current land use and assesses possible scenarios for sustainably meeting future demand for land-based goods and services. The GLO is a strategic and forward-looking debate and analysis that draws on well-documented scientific research and empirical knowledge. The GLO provides an overview of the state of the earth and a series of clear responses to optimize land use, management and planning, creating synergies between sectors in the provision of land-based goods and services. This P3 guide considers that the best practice is to ensure that the purchasing authority maintains the risks associated with the costs and availability of the land, including the relocation costs of current residents (legal and illegal). This is because the private partner normally installs significant contingencies to cover the risk of higher costs, including uncertainty about how long it will take for the land to be available for construction. The biomass needed to replace a significant proportion of the fossil fuels used in transport amounts to millions of tonnes. Therefore, a critical issue is biomass yield. Higher yields, of course, allow a similar amount of biofuel to be replaced with less land. However, land use efficiency can also be improved by choosing a global production line capable of using high-yield biomass. The main objective of the Future Crops for Food, Feed, Fiber and Fuel (4FCROPS) project was to study and analyze all important parameters that, in addition to existing food plant systems, expect to play an important role in the successful implementation of non-food plant systems.
Achieving its main objective has had the potential to demonstrate that a competitive organic economy could be a viable option for Europe through the production of biofuels and organic products.
14 Therefore, the GFA, as a common and reciprocal redefinition of British and Irish public sovereignty over Northern Ireland, was a remarkably incomplete and unfinished constitutional process. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom and its border problem in Ireland show that the 1998 agreement did not go far enough to provide for an explicit, indisputable and constitutional (new) definition of the Dublin and London obligations as the sovereign guarantee of the agreement. According to the agreement, “the development of a peaceful environment… A standardization of security measures and practices can and should mean. 8 However, these cross-border institutional and economic agreements were an integral part and were based on a broader political compromise between nationalism and unionism. In exchange for such an open border with the executive`s cross-border cooperation institutions (Strand 2) shared between Belfast and Dublin, and in exchange for new power-sharing institutions in Northern Ireland (Strand 1), Dublin agreed to revise Articles 2 and 3 of its Constitution, explicitly supporting the principle of approval and abandoning its territorial right to Northern Ireland. Instead, it recognized the Isle of Ireland as a common territory and the right of the people of Northern Ireland to freely choose Irish and/or British citizens. Such constitutional reform had long been a great demand of the Northern Ireland Unionist community. At the same time, London and Dublin agreed that northern Ireland`s status could not be changed until a majority in the north and south of Ireland accepted such a change with two simultaneous referendums. The current invisibility of the soft Irish border and the absence of border controls are therefore endemically linked to the entire constitutional and institutional framework agreed in 1998.
Brexit Central (February 7, 18) – “It`s time to stop the damnation of the Irish border — the solutions are already there.” (Added 8 Feb 18). This article discusses “Smart Border 2.0” ideas (see UK and EU section) for a solution. (Added 8 Feb 18). Former British Prime Minister John Major has argued that Brexit could lead to a hard border, with the European Union and the UK having to control their borders for customs purposes.  The Conservative Party research group believes that the UK may have the choice of not controlling its border if VAT is not imposed or controlling the border to apply possible VAT on goods imported after Brexit.   The cross-border part of the agreement comprises 12 areas of cooperation controlled by the North-South Council of Ministers (NSMC).
In order to ensure compliance with the rules, the Rhineland and the bridgeheads east of the Rhine should be occupied by Allied troops for 15 years. [n. 34] If Germany had not committed aggression, there would have been an orchestrated withdrawal; After five years, the Cologne bridgehead and the area north of a line along the Ruhr would be evacuated. After ten years, the bridgehead of Koblenz and the northern areas would be evacuated and, after fifteen years, the remaining Allied troops would be withdrawn. [n. 35] If Germany did not comply with contractual obligations, the bridgeheads would be immediately reoccupied. [n. 36] Raymond Poincare, another French politician, commented that Lloyd George Clemenceau said: “I`m not going to fight, I`m going to behave like a hedgehog and wait for them to come and talk to me. I won`t give in. We`ll see if they can do without me. Poincare believed that “Lloyd George is a crook…
I don`t like to be doubly crossed. Lloyd George cheated on me. He made me the best promises, and now he breaks them. Fortunately, I think we can count on American support right now. (8) Lloyd George gave a speech in the House of Commons in which he argued that it was wrong to claim that he was prepared to accept a lower figure. He ended his speech with an attack on Lord Northcliffe, whom he accused of seeking revenge for his exclusion from the government. “In these circumstances, I am prepared to take this into account, but let me say that if this kind of sick vanity is brought to the point of sowing dissension between great allies whose unity is indispensable to the peace of the world… I say that even this kind of disease is not a justification for black as a crime against humanity. (16) Max Hantke and Mark Spoerer wrote: “Historians of the army and the economy found that the German army had only marginally exceeded the boundaries of the treaty before 1933.”  Adam Tooze agreed and wrote: “To put this into perspective, the annual military expenditure of the Weimar Republic was not counted in billions, but in the hundreds of millions of German marks”; For example, the Weimar Republic`s 1931 programme, with 480 million German marks over five years compared to the Nazi government`s 1933 plan, to spend 4.4 billion German Marks per year.  P.M. H.
Bell argued that the British government was aware of Weimar`s subsequent rearmament and gave serious publicity to German efforts by not opposing them, a view shared by Churchill.   [short incomplete quotation] Norman Davies wrote that a “strange mistake” of military restrictions was that they had “not included missiles in their list of prohibited weapons”, which led Wernher von Braun to an exploration zone that eventually led to “his break in 1943” that led to the development of the V-2 rocket.  If it was the difficulties that appeared for Lloyd George at home, they were just as great abroad. He had to reconcile two colleagues, one who wanted peace almost exclusively by force and the other a peace almost exclusively based on idealism. Lloyd George had to adapt both points of view, and the task was unimaginably difficult. It meant self-fulfillment on his part, a victim of his promises, of his coherence, sometimes even of his dignity. But in many cases, he had succeeded. There are points on which he is strongly criticized. But this fact should not exclude services that dedicate to the common cause its unimaginable skill and flexibility.