If the Authority maintains the risks and direct management of the expropriation process (for example. B road projects in Mexico or Nigeria), it is common and good practice is to tender only if a significant part of the land is already acquired and available, since the probability of delay in the acquisition plan is considerable, regardless of the direct assumption of costs (and therefore the risk of cost) by the Authority. There is therefore a risk of delays throughout the construction period. Whether the risk of land delay is clearly defined in the treaties as a discharge or even compensation event will pose conflicts and problems in such situations. These can be avoided if the acquisition program has advanced significantly when the contract is signed (or even tendered). Even when these more productive methods are put on the market, land availability remains limited to what can be produced. Proposals have been made for the transfer of biomass or biomass fuels from the most productive regions to more industrialized countries. However, in most cases, this is not the case. In such cases, land must be acquired. This is particularly complex in linear infrastructure, such as roads and railways, where there may be multiple owners.
The land or site of the asset may already be available, or it is in the hands of the Authority and can be used. In 2017, UNCCD released the first edition of the Global Land Outlook (GLO). The GLO provides a brief overview of current land use and assesses possible scenarios for sustainably meeting future demand for land-based goods and services. The GLO is a strategic and forward-looking debate and analysis that draws on well-documented scientific research and empirical knowledge. The GLO provides an overview of the state of the earth and a series of clear responses to optimize land use, management and planning, creating synergies between sectors in the provision of land-based goods and services. This P3 guide considers that the best practice is to ensure that the purchasing authority maintains the risks associated with the costs and availability of the land, including the relocation costs of current residents (legal and illegal). This is because the private partner normally installs significant contingencies to cover the risk of higher costs, including uncertainty about how long it will take for the land to be available for construction. The biomass needed to replace a significant proportion of the fossil fuels used in transport amounts to millions of tonnes. Therefore, a critical issue is biomass yield. Higher yields, of course, allow a similar amount of biofuel to be replaced with less land. However, land use efficiency can also be improved by choosing a global production line capable of using high-yield biomass. The main objective of the Future Crops for Food, Feed, Fiber and Fuel (4FCROPS) project was to study and analyze all important parameters that, in addition to existing food plant systems, expect to play an important role in the successful implementation of non-food plant systems.
Achieving its main objective has had the potential to demonstrate that a competitive organic economy could be a viable option for Europe through the production of biofuels and organic products.