A data exchange agreement is a formal contract that clearly documents what data is disclosed and how the data can be used. Such an agreement has two objectives. First, it protects the authority that provides the data and ensures that the data is not misused. Ideally, these additional concerns should be taken into account in the data exchange agreement, in order to facilitate clear communication and, if necessary, provide additional safeguards: it is important to recognize that the process of setting up country-by-country data exchange agreements, as well as the nature of the data that is shared and the agencies that share the data is different. The USGS cannot share or share data sets or data: data exchange also promotes accountability and transparency, so that researchers can validate each other`s results. Finally, data from multiple sources can often be combined to allow comparisons across national and departmental boundaries. The manual chapter of the USGS Survey 500.26 – Domestic Memorandum of Understanding states: “If necessary, languages are included [in MOUs] such as: All data and information generated as a result of this agreement must be made available to the USGS as part of its current programmes. This includes, if necessary, the publication of the results, unless it is prohibited for well-founded protection and security reasons. Terms of access: Whether the data is online or not, the agreement must determine who has what rights to access the data, who has what rights to modify or modify the data, and what methods apply to accessing the data. If the partner is a foreign unit that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, the agreements must go through the USGS Office of International Programs. Data exchange agreements must include access and dissemination provisions.
It is not advisable to enter into a data exchange agreement in which data protection information can be disclosed, as non-federal organizations are not subject to the Data Protection Act. Similarly, the non-federal organization should be advised that federal authorities may be required to disclose information under the BLA. Below, you`ll find a list of items that are usually included in a data sharing agreement.