Oas Headquarters Agreement

INTRODUCTION The main international instruments of the Inter-American human rights system are gathered in this publication. The purpose of this compilation is to serve as a guide for users of the system. It contains the various declarations, conventions and protocols that define the mandate and functions of the bodies of the system – the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereafter the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Commission or the Inter-American Commission) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereafter referred to as the Court I/A, the Court of Justice or the Inter-American Court) in the field of human rights, as well as the human rights obligations of member states of the Organization of American States (hereinafter the OAS or the organization) in the field of human rights. Basic documents include the American Declaration of Human Rights and Duties (the US Declaration) and the American Convention on Human Rights (`the American Convention). Then there is the Inter-American Convention against Torture, the Additional Protocols to the American Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Death Penalty, the Inter-American Conventions on Violence Against Women, Enforced Disappearances and Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities; as well as a list of the OAS countries that have signed these treaties and the current state of these ratifications. Also included are the OAS Charter and the Inter-American Democratic Charter; and the declaration of principles on freedom of expression, principles and best practices for the protection of persons deprived of liberty in the United States. The statutes and internal regulations of the Inter-American Commission and the Court of Justice are also included. Finally, the petitions on human rights violations are attached to the Commission. This edition of the basic documents was updated on June 30, 2010. This introduction to the basic documents contains information on the historical context and the development of the regional system of protection and promotion of human rights; A brief explanation of the inter-American principles of reference in this area; and a structure describing the establishment and development of the Commission and the Court of Justice, as well as an explanation of the functions and composition of these bodies.

I. OAS AND THE INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM EVOLUTION OF MAN RIGHTS The OAS is an international organization created by U.S. states[1] to achieve a regional order of peace and justice, promote solidarity and defend its sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence (Article 1 of the OAS Charter). [2] Since the inception of the OAS, U.S. states have adopted a number of international instruments that have become the normative basis of the regional system of promoting and protecting human rights through the recognition of human rights, the definition of commitments to promotion and protection, and the creation of bodies to monitor their compliance.